Tennis Court Lighting: Standards from Recreational to Professional Play

By Shakir Williams on 07/09/2018

outdoor tennis court lighting 3D diagram

The required lighting standards for illuminating tennis courts changes based on the standard of play ranging from recreational to professional levels. Tennis facilities must provide an even distribution of light to provide a well-lit playing area for both the players and spectators.

Standard of Play

Illuminating a tennis court is determined by different organizations based on the level of competition being played on the court. These levels are often referred to as Class I, Class II, Class III, and Class IV.

*Note* Although many of the facilities may cross over lighting classes, lighting levels should be determined based on age and skillset. Facilities with a high number of older players will require a higher intensity lighting system 

Class I

Class II

Class III

Class IV

Professional

College

College

High School

International

Tennis Clubs

High School

Tennis Clubs

Satellite

Residential

Tennis Clubs

Parks & Recreation

Challenger

Parks & Recreation

Residential

College

College

 

Parks & Recreation

 

Class I: International & National

  • High level for international/professional grade – 450 lux
  • Top level of competitive playing for a large amount of spectators
  • Facilities generally include broadcasted tennis matches such as U.S. Open, Wimbledon, etc.

Class II: Club Competition & Commercial

  • Medium level for club standard – 350 lux
  • Mid-level competition, high level training, average viewing distances
  • May include collegiate facilities primarily used for intercollegiate or recreational play

Class III: Recreational & Residential

  • Lower level of play or recreational play – 250 lux
  • Low- level competition, local, general training, school teams or recreational activities

Class IV: Recreational

  • Lowest level of play
  • Facilities strictly used for recreational play such as a public park

Tennis Organization Lighting Requirements for Professionals

professional tennis match in stadium

The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) requires a standard of lighting for professional play and breaks down the requirements into two classifications: World Tour and Challenger Tour tournaments. 

  • ATP World Tour Tournaments: For world tour tournaments, the lighting must be evenly distributed on the court with a minimum light intensity of 100-foot candles (about 1076 lux). For televised matches, the minimum lighting level should average about 285-foot candles (about 3,067 lux).

 

  • ATP Challenger Tour Tournaments: For challenger tour tournaments lighting must be evenly distributed on the court with a minimum light intensity of 70-foot candles (about 750 lux).

 

  • Light Pole Mounting: According to the ATP, all light poles should be mounted so that the light is evenly distributed around the court. The mounting heights should be no lower than 40’ or no lower than other non-show court lights at the facility. If other non-show courts are 60’, for example, then all upgraded light fixtures should be 60’ high as well.

 

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