20-amp GFCI outlets vs. 15-amp GFCI outlets

By shakir_williams on 03/12/2018

electrical outlet in wall

[image source]

If you are looking to install that new HVAC unit, new LED light fixture, or replace all of your outlets with GFCI’s, then you will need to understand the importance of amperage. While we suggest that you call an electrician for any of your electrical wiring needs, it is nice to gain an understanding for future reference.

The amperage of the outlet must never exceed the amperage of the circuit

According to National Electrical Code, only a 15-amp or 20-amp electrical receptacle can be installed to a 20-amp circuit. A 15-amp receptacle may also be installed on a 15-amp circuit. However, a 20-amp GFCI outlet may not be installed to a 15-amp circuit.

If you are looking to install a 15-amp outlet, make sure:

  1. The electrical receptacle is UL Listed
  2. The outlet features feedthrough wiring so it can be installed to a 20-amp circuit

20-amp circuits are designed for a heavier load of electrical current than 15-amp circuit breakers. For commercial and industrial power distribution, the circuit breakers will have a higher amperage.

gfci outlet installation

[image source]

What is the maximum number of 15-amp or 20-amp GFCI outlets allowed on a 20-amp/120V circuit in a commercial space?

For commercial spaces, the NEC requires that each outlet be measured at 180 volts per amp, or VA. If you want to calculate how many outlets can be installed on a 120 volt and 20-amp circuit, its simple. Lucky for you we took the math out of the equation and made this chart. You’re welcome!

Circuit (volts)

Circuit (amps)

Circuit (VA)

Outlet (VA)

Total Outlets Allowed

120

15

1,800

1,800/180

10

120

20

2,400

2,400/180

13

240

15

3,600

3,600/180

20

240

20

4,800

4,600/180

26

Never overload your circuits

install electrical outlet

[image source]

The general rule of thumb is to never exceed a max load of more than 80%. Lighting, for example is normally run on a 15-amp circuit. This helps allow for growth and any changes in the load size. For this reason, lights and electrical outlets should be on separate circuits to allow maximum loading of lighting circuits, and maximum capacity for outlets.

outdoor gfci outlet installation

[image source]

According to the NEC, although there is no limit on the number of lighting and/or receptacle outlets on dwelling general-purpose branch circuits, it does require a minimum number of circuits to be installed for general-purpose receptacles and lighting outlets [210.11(A)]. In addition, the receptacle and lighting loads must be evenly distributed among the required circuits.

Suggested Reads: 

The More You Know!

 

Stay connected!

We work hard to bring you guys relevant and informational content, but we need your help!

What topics would you like to read about? Share with us in the comment section below!

Don’t forget to like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter!